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How do I know who my advisor is? Can I change my advisor?

​For M.S. students, your advisor when you are admitted to KAUST is the Program Chair. For Ph.D. students, your advisor is your PI (supervisor) whose lab you have been accepted in to. 

Yes, you can change your advisor. M.S. students are advised to do so if/when they begin their thesis or directed research.  Ph.D. students do have the ability to change advisors, but the overall impact to the Ph.D. project, as well as the time left to finish the Ph.D., could be significant.  This will have to be taken into account before approval.

​M.S. students need 36 credits (combination of courses and research is specific to your program). 

Ph.D. students need 6 credits of 300-level coursework and will earn dissertation research credit each semester until they defend (no minimum credits established, although there is a minimum residency requirement of 2.5 years).

​During your final M.S. semester at KAUST, you will be eligible to submit a “rollover” application.  You will be contacted by the Admissions Office for this.  You must have a confirmed supervisor in order for the application to be approved.

​M.S. students get all university holidays (Eid Al-Fitr, Eid Al-Adha, Spring break).  

Ph.D. students get university holidays and three weeks of annual/vacation leave per calendar year to be taken in agreement with your PI.

​Mandatory, core and elective courses are listed in the program guide. The program guides for all BESE programs can be found here 
​“Time Extension to Complete M.S. Thesis” application request can be submitted by the 9th week of your final Fall semester.  See application for required approvals here .
​No.  Only once during your time here at KAUST.  If “WE Courses” appears on your KAUST transcript, that means you have met this requirement.​
​Yes, both M.S. and Ph.D. in all BESE programs must register, attend, and receive an S grade for the graduate seminar each semester (Spring and Fall, NOT summer).

​Yes. Drop and Add deadlines are on the academic calendar.

​Your GPC can help you request these from the Registrar’s Office, or you can contact them directly at  RegistrarHelpDesk@KAUST.EDU.SA​​ 

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On the Road to cost reduction in desalination and the role of graphene-enhanced UF membranes

Abstract:
As the world struggles to cope with its water scarcity problems, the proliferation rate of seawater and brackish water desalination has increased exponentially over the last 30 years and is emerging strongly as a global solution for the water shortage problem. Desalination, which started as an expensive and energy-inefficient process in the sixties of the last century, has undergone tremendous improvements in the last 25 years. Many innovations contributed to a significant reduction in the price tag of desalinated water. Following the wide adoption of the membrane-based reverse osmosis (RO) technology, innovations such as pressure exchangers, high throughput and low-energy RO membranes, and membrane-based pretreatment systems, have all contributed to the said cost reduction. In recent years, desalination also benefited from the spectacular drop in solar energy cost, especially in the Middle East region. Dubai Electricity and Water Authority has recently signed a contract to pay just below US 37 cents per cubic meter for desalinated seawater from its latest Hassyan desalination plant in the United Arab Emirates. But these desalination cost cuts have left utility firms in the Arabian Gulf region thirsty for more. And, indeed, more cuts can be made, which would put not just the Middle East, but the whole world on track for solving its water scarcity problem. To achieve this, many incremental, small cost-saving measures need to be made. These measures span the system level, process level, and equipment level. An example of the latter is new UF membranes to be used in the pretreatment process within RO plants.
A major challenge in membrane filtration is fouling which reduces the process performance. Thus, high performance membranes with superior fouling resistance are in demand to overcome the fouling problem encountered during pretreatment. To achieve this goal, we synthesized hybrid ultrafiltration membranes using functionalized graphene oxide: sulfonated poly (ether ether ketone) polymer chains grafted graphene oxide (SPK-g-GO) or polydopamine-coated graphene oxide (PDGO), commercial poly(ether sulfone) and sulfonated poly (ether sulfone; SPES)) via the non-solvent induced phase separation (NIPS) method. Hydrophilic and charge tunable hybrid UF membranes were finally produced. The rate of water penetration into the membranes matrix was tunable with the progressive addition of functionalized GO into the matrix of PES or SPES membranes. The hybrid membranes were competent in rejecting natural organic matter (NOM) in the feed solution. A remarkable improvement in fouling resistance efficacy of the hybrid membranes was observed during the cyclic filtration of NOM solution. Both reversible and irreversible fouling efficiency were significantly reduced with the loading amount of functionalized GO into the matrix of hybrid membranes.

Bio:
Prof. Arafat is the Senior Director of the Research and Innovation Center for Graphene and 2D Materials (RIC2D) and professor of chemical engineering at Khalifa University (KU) in Abu Dhabi, UAE, where he is working since 2010. His current research interests include membrane-based desalination and the development of novel membranes for water applications. He is also an expert on “sustainable desalination”, an approach that integrates multiple interdisciplinary tools to enhance the prospects of deploying desalination for achieving water and food security. The sustainable desalination concept was first introduced in 2017 in Prof. Arafat’s book: “Desalination Sustainability: A Technical, Socioeconomic and Environmental Approach”. Prof. Arafat received a Ph.D. and BSc in Chemical Engineering from the Univ. of Cincinnati (USA) (2000) and the Univ. of Jordan (1996), respectively. From 2000 to 2003, he worked at Argonne National Laboratory (USA) on separation processes development for nuclear waste treatment. Between 2003 and 2010, he was a faculty member of the Chem. Eng. Dept. at An-Najah University (Palestinian Territory). Between 2009 and 2012, he served as an adjunct associate professor of the Biological Eng. Dept. at Utah State Univ. (USA) and in 2010, he spent six months as a visiting professor at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (USA). Between 2018 and 2022, he was the director of the Center for Membranes and Advanced Water Technology (CMAT) at KU. He is a recipient of several prestigious research fellowships by the US National Academy of Science (USA), the Open Society Foundation (USA) and DAAD (Germany). Through his career thus far, he supervised 58 postdoctoral fellows and graduate students and received 29 research grants, totalling more than $16M. His research was published in 280+ book chapters, journal papers, and conference presentations, in addition to two US patents. He was invited to deliver over 60 keynote and invited talks worldwide. Among other honors, Prof. Arafat received the Khalifa Award for Education, presented by the President of UAE, the Mohammad Bin Rashid Medal for Scientific Excellence, presented by the Prime Minister of UAE, the United States Department of Energy Secretarial Honor Award, the Mondialogo Engineering Award by Daimler AG and UNESCO, and the Univ. of Cincinnati Distinguished Dissertation Fellowship. He is a member of the selection committees of the prestigious Zayed Sustainability Prize and the Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Global Water Award. In 2021, he was granted the United Arab Emirates (UAE) Citizenship by nomination of the UAE’s Prime Minister Office in recognition of his accomplishments and service to the UAE.

Speakers

Professor Hassan A. Arafat

​LIFE AT KAUST